Residents of Indonesia’s capital Jakarta will go to the polls on Wednesday in an election that could have chilling implications for the country’s reputation as a tolerant democracy.
Surveys have shown the race tightening to a statistical dead heat, with incumbent Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, an ethnic Chinese Christian, closing in on rival Anies Baswedan, a former education minister.
The election has revealed deep divisions along ethnic and religious lines in Indonesia and experts say it could have far reaching consequences.
“There is a great deal of tension and anxiety about this because the whole thing is a proxy for a number of things,” Dr Tim Lindsey, an Indonesia expert at the University of Melbourne, told SBS. “A power struggle between some very powerful figures … It is also a proxy about pluralism.”
Mr Purnama is standing trial on blasphemy charges stemming from a divisive campaign that also featured mass rallies led by Islamist hardliners and alleged plots to overthrow President Joko Widodo, who is popularly known as Jokowi.
The charges stem from an edited video circulated last September suggesting Mr Purnama had mocked a verse in the Koran used by his opponents to argue that Muslims should not vote for a person holding different religious beliefs.
It brought hundreds of thousands of protesters onto the streets in several mass demonstrations before Mr Purnama was put on trial for blasphemy. He faces up to four years in prison and possible disqualification if he does win the election.
Prosecutors are expected to recommend a sentence at a hearing the day after the election. A verdict is due next month.
File image of Muslim protesters shouting slogans during a protest against Jakarta’s governor in Indonesia, 31 March 2017. (AAP)AAP
The vast majority of Indonesian Muslims practice a moderate form of Islam and religious freedom and diversity is enshrined in the state ideology. But hardline Islamist groups, most of which favor Islamic sharia law, have established a stronger foothold in recent years.
Indonesian police on Monday blocked plans by hardline Islamist groups to guard polling booths during Wednesday’s vote for Jakarta governor, citing the potential for clashes in an election that has stoked religious tensions.
A coalition of hardline Islamic groups said late last week it would deploy at least 100 monitors at each polling station in the Indonesian capital city of 10 million people.
“Any mobilization of masses that is aimed at physical or psychological intimidation, especially at polling stations, is prohibited,” the city police said in a joint statement with the elections commission.
Around 66,000 police and military personnel will be deployed on voting day, police spokesman Boy Rafli Amar said.
“We are increasing our presence at polling stations as well, so please trust that the state apparatus will remain neutral and safeguard the election,” he added.
Mr Purnama, Jakarta’s first ethnic Chinese and Christian leader, took over the Jakarta governorship from Widodo after he became president in the 2014 general election.
Dr Lindsey said Ahok has been a relatively effective governor, who has cracked down on official corruption and made tough decisions.
But his run for the Jakarta governorship has triggered latent discrimination against Indonesians with Chinese backgrounds, he said.
“A lot of this which appears to be about religion is driven by racial hatred,” Dr Lindsey said.
Ahok’s rival, Mr Baswedan, has appeared publicly – twice – with the leadership of one of the main organizers of the anti-Purnama protests, the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI).
“We believe that because Jakarta and Indonesia is majority-Muslim, it should be led by a Muslim,” said Novel Bamukmin, head of the Jakarta chapter of the FPI. “While our ultimate call is for full sharia, our hope is that the winner will at least introduce policies that are aligned with Islam.”
Mr Baswedan’s running mate, Sandiaga Uno, denies the pair intends to implement sharia law in Jakarta and said their appearances at the FPI rallies were “a way to start a dialogue”.
But they do encourage a more conservative culture for the city with religious entertainment venues that are “sharia-compliant” and which “shy away from alcohol”, Mr Uno said.
“That would be the type of policy that I want to attract investors to put money into, to create tourist destinations for sharia-compliant or religious-related tourism,” he said.