12 injured in suspected acid attack in London club

A London Fire Brigade spokesman told AFP an “unknown corrosive substance” was thrown in Mangle, a club in east London, in the early hours of Monday.

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It was identified as “an acidic substance” from testing, he said, adding that there were around 600 people in the venue at the time of the incident.

“Twelve people showing signs and symptoms attributed to corrosive substances were treated on scene by ambulance and brigade personnel prior to removal to hospital,” he added.

The police said in a statement that all the injuries were “non-life threatening” and the incident was not believed to be terrorism-related.

Police were called to the scene at around 0010 GMT “after members of the public complained of a noxious substance,” the statement said.

The streets around the club have been closed to traffic as the investigation continues and no arrests have been made.

London has seen a sharp rise in acid attacks in London in recent years.

There were more than 1,800 reports of attacks involving corrosive fluids in London since 2010, according to police data cited by the BBC last month.

In 2016, corrosive fluids were used in 454 crimes, compared to 261 in 2015.

pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/Z5diE0iugv

— Phie McKenzie (@PhieMcKenzie) April 17, 2017

Some experts have suggested that criminal gangs may be switching from carrying knives to acid because it could lower the risk of prosecution.

In an acid attack in north London earlier this month, a 40-year-old father, 36-year-old mother and their three-year-old son were hurt.

The woman and child were later discharged from hospital but the man suffered “life-changing injuries”, police said.

 

Turkey’s Erdogan celebrates referendum win as opposition challenges result

With political tensions once again escalating in Turkey after a contest opponents fear will hand Erdogan one man rule, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called for dialogue to seek calm.

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The referendum was seen as crucial not just for shaping the political system of Turkey but also the future strategic direction of a nation that has been a NATO member since 1952 and an EU hopeful for half a century.

The ‘Yes’ camp won 51.41 per cent in Sunday’s referendum on a new presidential system and ‘No’ 48.59, according to near-complete results released by the election authorities.

But Erdogan’s victory was far tighter than expected, emerging only after several nail-biting hours late Sunday which saw the ‘No’ result dramatically catch up in the later count.

Turkey’s three largest cities – Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir – all voted ‘No’ although ‘Yes’ prevailed in Erdogan’s Anatolian heartland.

With the opposition crying foul over alleged violations, all eyes will be on Monday afternoon’s announcement by international observers from the OSCE and the Council of Europe who will give their initial assessment of the vote.

Watch: Skuffles and protests following Turkish referendum

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“On April 17, we have woken up to a new Turkey,” wrote the pro-government Hurriyet columnist Abdulkadir Selvi.

“The ‘Yes’ was victorious but the people have sent messages to the government and opposition that need to be carefully considered.”

The new system is due to come into effect after elections in November 2019.

However the parliament faction chief of the ruling Justice Development Party (AKP), Mustafa Elitas said Erdogan would his month get an offer to rejoin that party he founded but had to leave when he became president — under the last constitution a supposedly apolitical role.

Watch: Turkey’s PM thanks people for win

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‘Polls invalid’

In a bid to get back to business, Erdogan was on Monday to chair a cabinet and security meeting at his presidential palace that could extend the nine-month state of emergency brought in after the July 15 failed coup, Turkish media said.

But the opposition were not content to rest on their better-than-expected performance despite a lopsided campaign in which the ‘Yes’ camp enjoyed vastly greater resources and dominated the airwaves.

Huge crowd outside President #Erdogan’s #Istanbul compound letting off flares + fireworks. He thanked them via telephone held up to mic pic.twitter长沙桑拿按摩论坛,/sJPNih1ean

— Brett Mason (@BrettMasonNews) April 16, 2017

Both the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) and the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) said they would challenge the results from most of the ballot boxes due to alleged violations.

“There is only one decision to ease the situation in the context of the law – the Supreme Election Board (YSK) should annul the election,” the Dogan news agency quoted CHP deputy leader Bulent Tezcan as saying.

The opposition were particularly incensed by a decision by the Supreme Election Board (YSK) to allow voting papers without official stamps to be counted, which they said opened the way for fraud.

Watch: Erdogan’s ‘first job’ after Turkey referendum win

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“The Higher Election Board has thrown a shadow on the people’s decision. They have caused the referendum’s legitimacy to be questioned,” said CHP chief Kemal Kilicdaroglu.

Monitors from the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) are to give their own assessment of the vote at 1200 GMT.

Overnight sporadic protests by disgruntled ‘No’ voters erupted in parts of Istanbul, with demonstrators banging pots and pans to voice their discontent.

“A victory of the nation,” said the headline in the pro-government Yeni Safak daily. “Turkey has won.”

But the Cumhuriyet opposition daily focused on the alleged violations: “A shadow fell over the ballot boxes,” it said.

Reviving the death penalty?

Throughout the campaign, Erdogan launched bitter attacks on the European Union, accusing member states of behaving like the Third Reich in failing to allow his ministers to campaign among expats.

The initial reaction from Turkey’s Western allies was far from ebullient, with top EU officials saying Turkey had to find the “broadest possible” agreement on the changes in view of the closeness of the result.

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel in a joint statement with Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel that Berlin expects Ankara will now “seek respectful dialogue with all political and social forces in the country.”

In an indication more strife with Brussels could be in the offing, Erdogan said he would now hold talks on reinstating capital punishment, a move that would automatically end Turkey’s EU bid.

If the opposition failed to support such a bill, he said another referendum could be held on reinstating the death penalty.

The French president’s office on Monday warned reviving capital punishment would be a break with European values.

“The organisation of a referendum on the death penalty would obviously be a break with (the) values and engagements which were accepted by Turkey when it joined Europe’s top rights watchdog, the Council of Europe,” the presidency said.

The new system would dispense with the office of prime minister and centralise the entire executive bureaucracy under the president, giving Erdogan the direct power to appoint ministers.

It would also mean that Erdogan, who became president in 2014, could seek two more five-year terms leaving him in power until 2029.

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Mike Pence arrives near DMZ after North Korea’s failed missile test

Mike Pence arrived at the gateway to the Demilitarised Zone dividing the two Koreas on Monday, an AFP correspondent reported, in a show of US resolve hours after North Korea failed in its attempt to test another missile.

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The US vice president flew by helicopter into Camp Bonifas, a US-led United Nations command post just a few hundred metres south of the DMZ.

From there, he was expected to move to the truce village of Panmunjom that straddles one of the most heavily militarised borders on Earth.

Tensions between Pyongyang and Washington have soared in recent weeks, as a series of North Korean weapons tests have wrought ever-more bellicose warnings from Donald Trump’s administration.

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The new and inexperienced US president has indicated he will not allow North Korea to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to the western United States.

A top White House foreign policy advisor on Sunday became the latest Trump official to warn that while diplomatic pressure was preferable, US military action is very much on the table.

“We have a wide array of tools at disposal for the president should he choose to use them,” the official said.

Watch: US wants ‘peaceful’ North Korean resolution

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US National Security Adviser HR McMaster told ABC News: “There’s an international consensus now – including the Chinese and the Chinese leadership – that this is a situation that just can’t continue.”

Amid sharply heightened tensions, McMaster said the US and allies were studying all actions “short of a military option,” though the Trump administration has not ruled that out.

Some 28,500 US troops are stationed in South Korea.

Trump has ordered a naval strike group, led by the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier, to the region, though the vessels remain a long way from the peninsula.

McMaster repeatedly stated that China – North Korea’s key ally – is increasingly concerned about the reclusive communist state’s behavior.

Watch: North Korea must change behaviour: US

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The new consensus is “that this problem is coming to a head. And so it’s time for us to undertake all actions we can, short of a military option, to try to resolve this peacefully,” McMaster said.

Trump turned to Twitter to underscore the importance of cooperation with China on North Korea.

Having blasted Beijing throughout his presidential campaign for unfairly manipulating its currency, he tweeted Sunday: “Why would I call China a currency manipulator when they are working with us on the North Korean problem? We will see what happens!”

A threat to all people

McMaster said Trump had directed US military, diplomatic and intelligence officials to provide him with options – in concertation with regional allies including China – that could be used “if the North Korea regime refuses to denuclearize.”  

He called Kim “a threat to all people in the region, and globally as well,” but cautioned that Trump “is clearly comfortable making tough decisions.”

A White House foreign policy adviser, briefing reporters on the plane that carried Pence to Seoul, was asked what steps China had committed to when President Xi Jinping met recently with Trump in Florida.

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“There were a number of steps that were discussed,” the briefer said on condition of anonymity, adding that when China recently turned back ships bringing North Korean coal, it was a “good first step”.

“China is the key,” Senator John McCain, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Sunday on NBC.

“They can stop this if they want to because of their control over the North Korean economy.”

‘Medium-range’ missile test

Congressman Mac Thornberry, McCain’s counterpart in the House of Representatives, said Kim’s message to the United States was “we are strong and we can hurt you”.

“This guy (Kim) is not interested in negotiation. He wants to have an [intercontinental] ballistic missile with a nuclear warhead to threaten us, and I think he’s determined to get it. Even failed launches tell them something and improve their program,” Thornberry told Fox News Sunday.

Trump has repeatedly said he will prevent Pyongyang from developing a nuclear-tipped ballistic missile capable of reaching the mainland United States.

Watch: Pence reaffirms US-South Korea alliance

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The latest missile launch came a day after Pyongyang staged a massive military parade, showcasing nearly 60 missiles – including a suspected new ICBM.

But the missile involved in the failed test evidently was smaller. The briefer on Pence’s plane called it “medium-range.”

US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Trump was aware of the failed test but had “no further comment.”

North Korea has often test-fired missiles to mark major dates such as Saturday’s 105th anniversary of the birth of the nation’s founder Kim Il-Sung, or as gestures of defiance when top US officials visit the region.

South Korea’s foreign ministry said that by conducting the latest test just a day after displaying a series of missiles, “North Korea has threatened the whole world”.

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Sydney drives home prices up 10 per cent

Home prices across Australia’s capital cities have risen an average of 10.

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2 per cent in the year to March 2017, driven by Sydney’s strong property market.

The Harbour city led the pack with an average annual home price lift of 14.4 per cent, according to figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on Tuesday.

Melbourne was only just behind recording an annual increase of 13.4 per cent.

Hobart was also a strong performer, with an increase of 11.3 per cent for the year, and lifting 3.4 per cent in the March quarter, the highest quarterly rise of all the capitals.

Meanwhile, Darwin and Perth had the weakest outcomes, being the only two cities to post a fall in prices in both the March quarter and the year to March.

Darwin slipped 5.9 per cent for the year while Perth dropped 3.5 per cent.

The were both also lower for the quarter, down 0.9 per cent and 1.0 per cent, respectively.

Overall, residential property prices rose 2.2 per cent in the March quarter, marking the fourth consecutive quarter of growth.

The ABS figures found the total value of Australia’s roughly 9.9 million residential dwellings rose $163.1 billion in the quarter to $6.6 trillion, only six months after reaching the $6 trillion mark in September last year.

The mean house price in Australia stands at around $670,000.

NSW ($886,800) remains at the top of the country for the mean house price, followed by Victoria ($708,300), with Tasmania ($357,000) recording the lowest mean price for the March quarter.

CAPITAL CITY HOME PRICES:

* Sydney – up 3.0 pct in March quarter, up 14.4pct in the year

* Melbourne – up 3.1pct and 13.4pct

* Hobart – up 3.4pct and 11.3pct

* Canberra – up 2.8pct and 8.9pct

* Adelaide up 1.5pct and 5pct

* Brisbane – flat and up 3.5pct

* Perth – down 1pct and down 3.5pct

* Darwin – down 0.9pct and down 5.9pct

Brexit talks finally underway, 12 months after vote

A year after Britain voted to leave the bloc, the European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michael Barnier, and Britain’s Brexit secretary, David Davis, have agreed on a two-year timetable for the negotiation of Britain’s exit from the EU.

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Both parties are hoping to make the divorce as clean as possible.

The EU’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, says it’s important that Britain withdraws from the union in an orderly way.

“Today we agreed on dates, we agreed on organisation and we agreed on priorities for the negotiation. In a first step, we will deal with the most pressing issues. We must leave the uncertainty caused by Brexit. We want to make sure that the withdrawal of UK happens in an orderly manner.”

Britain’s Brexit secretary, David Davis, also spoke after the first day of talks in Brussels.

Ireland has long been identified as a difficulty for the process, for identifying the rights of expatriate citizens and making decisions over a new EU-UK border.

The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland will be the only land border between the EU and Britain once Brexit is complete in March 2019.

Mr Davis describes the issue as “technically difficult”.

“I think Ireland has taken — Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland — have taken more time today than anything else. We discussed two aspects of it. One of course is the political sensitivities, which everybody understands, the other is the determination to maintain as near as possible an invisible border so we do not undermine the peace process, do not provide any cause for concern in Northern Ireland. This is a technically difficult issue.”

British Prime Minister Theresa May has reaffirmed her commitment to a so-called “invisible border”, essential given the number of people who would cross it every day.

“I’m personally committed to ensuring a practical solution that recognises the unique economic, social, cultural and political context of the land border with Ireland, which so many people pass through every day, and will remain our priority to work closely with the Irish government to ensure as friction-less and seamless border as possible.”

Some doubt had been cast over the Brexit negotiations after the Conservative Party’s terrible showing in the recent general election.

Theresa May called the election three years early in an attempt to increase the Conservatives’ majority.

But the election returned a hung parliament, forcing the Prime Minister to try and form a coalition government with Ireland’s Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

Mr Davis says despite the political uncertainty, both Britain and the E-U are working towards “the best possible outcome”.

“I have been encouraged by the constructive approach that both sides have taken. We’ve laid a solid foundation for future discussions with an ambitious but eminently achievable timetable. It was clear from the opening that both of us want to achieve the best possible outcome and the strongest possible partnership – one that works for the UK and for the EU.”

But uncertainty surrounding the negotiations is presenting a risk to Britain’s international capital market.

Managing director of the International Capital Market Association, Paul Richards, says the still-uncertain outcome of the negotiations poses a number of concerns.

“One of them is the shortage of time for the international capital markets to prepare for Brexit. Brexit is due to take place by March 2019, so there is a quite a short of time to prepare, and the markets do not yet know what the terms of the Brexit will be. Secondly, the markets want to know that they have legal certainty in their contracts over Brexit. Thirdly, they want to know that they’re going to have continuing access to other markets, in particular when the UK leaves the European Union. And the terms of that access has yet to be negotiated. Then fourthly, they want to make sure that there are not different regulations in the UK from the European Union.”

 

 

Police identify man arrested after London attack near mosque

Forty-seven year-old Darren Osborne, identified by British media as a father-of-four from the Welsh city of Cardiff, was arrested after pedestrians were targeted by a man driving a van near a mosque in north London.

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The attack is the fourth since March in Britain and the third to involve a vehicle deliberately driven at pedestrians.

British authorities have confirmed an elderly man who was receiving first aid before the incident near the Finsbury Park mosque has died, although it’s not yet clear if that was a result of the attack.

London’s Metropolitan Police Commissioner, Cressida Dick, says there are a number of people in hospital whose lives have been turned upside down.

“This was quite clearly an attack on Muslims, who looked like they were probably Muslims and they were coming from a prayer meeting. We treat this as a terrorist attack and we in the Met (Metropolitan Police) are as shocked as anybody in this local community or across the country.”

Meanwhile London’s mayor, Sadiq Khan, says extra police have been deployed to reassure the public.

“My message to Londoners and those across the country is to be calm, but vigilant. There will be an increased visible policing presence in London today at and around mosques and places of worship.”

Meanwhile, Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa May was heckled by protesters after visiting the mosque.

It follows anger at her delay in visiting victims of London’s other recent tragedy – the Grenfell Tower fire, in which dozens of people died.

Speaking later outside 10 Downing Street, Ms May vowed to fight terror in all forms.

“This was an attack on Muslims near their place of worship and, like all terrorism in whatever form, it shares the same fundamental goal: it seeks to drive us apart and to break the precious bonds of solidarity and citizenship that we share in this country. We will not let this happen.”

Opposition Labour leader and local MP Jeremy Corbyn has praised the emergency services.

“I know that people in Muslim Welfare House and the mosque extremely well and the community very well. I came here last night to talk to the police and the firefighters and the ambulances that were here and I have to say the response by all three emergency services was very timely and very quick.”

In Cardiff, neighbours of suspect Darren Osborne describe him as an “everyday guy”.

Khadijah and her Pakistani husband live next door to him.

“He was never unpleasant to me or anything and we’ve been here since April. And I just didn’t suspect him of anything, that his views were that strong, or that he even hated Muslims, with us being Muslims as well next door. So, I think it’s just a shock that he’s done what he’s done.”

Farhad Ahmad, Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, says there’s an urgent need for the government to clamp down on platforms where extremism is brewing.

“We’re saying that if there is far right extremists who are promoting their message, they should really be clamped down on – just as if there are Muslims who are preaching hate to increase extremism in their communities. They need to be clamped down (on) because both of these ideologies are completely wrong and they don’t represent any faith at all. If there are universities that are giving platforms to hate preachers from any aspect – far right extremists or certain Muslims who claim that their faith is encouraging this which it isn’t – any angle which people are promoting extremism through needs to be tackled. Hate preachers should not get a platform, even on social media – wherever a hate preacher is, it should be clamped down on.”

 

 

Property market delivers again for NSW

Continuing strength in Sydney’s property market and increased dividends from state corporations will help NSW deliver a higher-than expected surplus in the coming year.

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The NSW government forecast a surplus of $2.7 billion for 2017/18 in Tuesday’s state budget, nearly doubling the $1.5 billion surplus predicted during its mid-year budget review in December.

“The outlook remains strong with above-trend growth forecast over the next three years,” NSW Treasurer Dominic Perrottet said.

The state posted a surplus of $4.5 billion for the current financial year, thanks mainly to the booming housing market and one-off transfer duty payments from asset sales.

Transfer duties, which make up more than 30 per cent of the government’s tax revenue, far exceeded expectations in 2016/17.

This was primarily driven by a 9.6 per cent jump in revenue from residential stamp duty but also included one-off transfer duty payments from the partial lease of Ausgrid and Endeavour Energy during the year.

Higher than expected coal export prices also boosted royalties by about $300 million to $1.56 billion for the year.

Stamp duty revenue from residential property is expected to continue growing but the state government is now clearly expecting the housing market to moderate.

“Macro-prudential regulations along with new Commonwealth measures are expected to moderate activity in the housing market in 2017/18,” the government’s budget papers said.

It expects growth in residential stamp duty revenue to nearly halve to 5.9 per cent in 2017/18, and then ease further to average 5.4 per cent over the next three years.

The state also expects overall revenue growth to be hit by a decline in its share from the national pool of goods and services tax revenues on account on account of strong economic growth in the state.

As a result, GST revenue forecasts over the four years to 2019/20 have been revised down by $1.4 billion.

Net debt will fall to a negative $7.8 billion at June 30, as cash holdings are temporarily boosted by the partial sale of Ausgrid and the Land and Property registry services, but this is expected to rise to $18.6 billion by June 2021 as proceeds are reinvested in infrastructure.

NSW budget builds western Sydney

NSW is getting better roads and public transport and it’s western Sydney residents who will reap the most benefit from the government’s infrastructure spend.

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In delivering his first budget on Tuesday, NSW Treasurer Dominic Perrottet announced a $12.1 billion cash injection into public transport and $8.5 billion to improve the state’s roads.

The Berejiklian government is following through on its promise to build western Sydney, with $648 million of the Western Sydney Infrastructure Plan to be spent in 2017/18, including $485 million on the Northern Road and an additional $153 million to upgrade western Sydney roads.

The government will also spend $160 million on the new Western Sydney Stadium at Parramatta, which will seat 30,000 fans and employ 1200 people during construction and more than 900 people once it’s operating.

Commuters in Sydney will benefit from the $1.7 billion promised over the next year to fund the Sydney metro and southwest rail line and $252 million for a new train fleet.

“We’re improving frequencies on key routes, setting up new routes and importantly building new infrastructure to grow and improve public transport in this state,” Transport Minister Andrew Constance said in a statement as the budget was being handed down.

Central Coast roads also get a splash of money with $188.3 million promised over the next year to upgrade the Pacific Highway and widen the M1 Pacific Motorway.

A further $1.2 billion has been allocated to upgrade the Pacific Highway on the state’s north coast from Woolgoolga to Ballina.

In Sydney the government will spend $103 million on developing the Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link over the following year.

The Sydney Opera House will also get a slice of the pie, with $190 million promised as part of the government’s commitment to keep the iconic landmark shining for future generations to enjoy.

South Sudanese family’s decade-long Australian struggle kicks off Refugee Film Festival

Australian filmmaker Belinda Mason is showcasing her documentary, ‘Constance on the Edge’, for the second year in a row at the Refugee Film Festival (RFF).

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Released last year at the Sydney Film Festival, the documentary follows South Sudanese woman Constance Okot and her six children as they adjust to life in Australia after fleeing war-torn Sudan. 

The Okot family was filmed during their first 10 years of resettlement in Australia and their adjustment to living in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales. It documents their joy of arriving which slowly over time turns into a struggle of acceptance from the regional town. 

Organisers say the film is a perfect fit for the festival with over 80 screenings scheduled.

 Constance is described as an “obvious leader” by filmmaker Belinda Mason.AAPInside the refugee experience

Australia has been celebrating Refugee Week as a nation since 1988, however Sydney held the first ever Refugee Week events in 1986.

The week-long celebration hopes to create more cultural awareness of the refugee community.

This year’s theme is from the second verse of the national anthem: “With courage let us all combine.” Organisers say it celebrates the courage of refugees, and of people who speak out against persecution and injustice. 

Laura Stacey media spokesperson for the Refugee Council of Australia and coordinator of Refugee Week, told SBS World News the film festival is a fantastic way for people to better understand the refugee experience.

“The inclusion of international films means that attendees can learn about aspects of forced migration that they may not have been aware of before.  For example, one of the films looks at the asylum procedure in the Netherlands, whilst another depicts the independence struggle in Western Sahara.”

Sydney premiered their leg of the film festival over the weekend with a big audience.  Ms Stacey, says Melbourne opening night had an ‘incredible reception’ and they expect big crowds throughout the city’s week of screenings.

“It’s clear that there is a great appetite within the Australian community for people to engage with this issue through the medium of the arts,” she said.

Reality Check for the Okots

‘Constance on the Edge’ explores the life of the Okot family as they get a wake up call on what life is really like in Australia.

Director, Belinda Mason and Constance met in 2006 at a Wagga Wagga town hall meeting. The two worked together on their first documentary, and eight years later they reunited. 

“Constance called me and said that things weren’t working out in a way that she had expected them to work out in Australia. Trauma had re-emerged for her, after that honeymoon period – that first period of being so engrossed about learning how to cope with a new country, a new life and once all that settle downs.”

She says many refugee’s face racism and discrimination which can be emotional triggers for them.

The Okot children are also a focus of the film. AAP

Constance’s older children faced a lot of struggle with integrating in school. Mason says the younger children found it easier to ‘belong’ because they were able to learn English really quick.

The director adds that this is a problem many refugee families face. 

“Our film is about how important welcoming is for refugees to make them feel that they do belong. That means on an institutional level and a personal level and how very small gestures can make such a world of difference.”

Melbourne’s own gets screening

David Fedele is an independent documentary filmmaker from Melbourne. His critically acclaimed documentary, ‘The Land Between’ is also being screening during Refugee Week at the Cinema Nova.

Fedele told SBS World News he takes more of a journalists approach to go deeper into his stories so he can explore “social humanitarian human rights issues.”

“For me film is the way to best connect people to stories… and go deeper into issues to humanise stories and provide a bridge between issues and stories and the audience,” he said. 

His documentary gives an insight to the hidden lives of Sub Saharan African migrants who live in the mountains of northern Morocco.

The film exposes the extreme violence and mistreatment of migrants trying to enter Europe by fence jumping through a military guarded barrier in Melilla.

Fedele’s work asks the question of how and why people are willing to risk everything, including their life, to leave their country, family and friends, in search of a new and better life.

‘Land In Between’ saw director  win a number of awards across the world including Best Film at the Naples Human Rights Film Festival 2014.

Fedele says this film is probably the one he’s most attached to.

“I can’t say favourite, I meant this film has had the most impact of any film that I have made. And also because it’s such a relevant issue, it’s a film set in Morocco but a lot of the stories are universal stories that affect situations all over the world, including very much in Australia.”

Australia, this week celebrates Refugee Week as June 20 marks World Refugee Day. 

Melbourne’s leg of the film festival runs until Friday, tickets are available from Cinema Nova.

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Mexico hit with smartphone spying claims

Activists, human-rights lawyers and journalists in Mexico have filed a criminal complaint following a report that their smartphones had been infected with spying software sold to the government to fight criminals and terrorists.

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The complaint to the attorney general’s office on Monday by nine people followed a report by the New York Times that some of them had been spied on with software known as Pegasus, which Israeli company NSO Group sold to Mexico’s government.

Citing a report by a research group that investigated the alleged spying, the complaint says the attorney general’s office and the defence ministry were among government organisations that purchased the software.

Those claiming to be targeted by the software included Carmen Aristegui, a journalist who in 2014 helped reveal that President Enrique Pena Nieto’s wife had acquired a house from a major government contractor, as well as Carlos Loret de Mola, a journalist at leading television network Televisa.

Others included in the complaint were anti-corruption activists and lawyers representing the families of 43 trainee teachers whose disappearance and apparent massacre in 2014 created a huge public relations headache for Pena Nieto.

Daniel Millan, a spokesman for Pena Nieto’s office, issued a statement saying that there was no proof the Mexican government was responsible for the spying described in the New York Times story. “We condemn any attempt to violate the right to privacy of any person,” the statement said.

A Reuters report in 2015 showed government surveillance requests were gathering speed in Mexico, raising concerns about a lack of oversight in a country plagued by corruption and collusion between security forces and criminal gangs.

Mexico’s government purchased about $US80 million ($A105 million) worth of spyware from NSO Group on condition it would only be used to investigate criminals and terrorists, the Times said.

Some Manus detainees think compo too low

Some Manus Island detainees believe the compensation they will receive under a $70 million settlement with the Australian government is too low and may reject it.

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Sudanese asylum seeker Abdul Aziz Muhamat says tensions in the immigration detention centre are high amid uncertainty about how much compensation each detainee will receive and where they will end up when it closes.

Some are considering rejecting the settlement on the basis that it amounts to an average of $36,000, although that is not how individual damages will be determined.

“According to them they are saying it’s not going to be enough,” Mr Muhamat told AAP.

“People are saying ‘we’ve actually been in this place for four years and we have got physical damage and mental damage and this small amount of money won’t do anything to help us’.”

Speaking from Port Moresby where he is receiving medical treatment, Mr Muhamat said some Manus detainees will be resettled under Australia’s deal with the United States but many will be left behind.

He said those hoping to end up in the US may accept the settlement once they know their individual compensation amounts, believing it will be harder to sue the Australian government in any new legal action once in America.

“There’s other people saying ‘no we’re not going to sign the settlement because the amount is so small’,” Mr Muhamat said.

The Australian government and operators of the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre settled the class action by 1905 current and former detainees for $70 million, most of which will be for false imprisonment and tied to the length of time spent in detention.

Law firm Slater and Gordon has received hundreds of registrations and enquiries from group members since Wednesday’s settlement announcement.

Fewer than six per cent have responded negatively to the settlement or expressed a desire to not be part of the class action, Slater and Gordon principal lawyer Andrew Baker told AAP.

“Importantly, this settlement was designed to not be forced upon any group member who does not wish to participate,” he said in a statement.

“Group members have the right to object to the proposed settlement, and are not required to participate in it, and they can also ask the court for more time to opt out of the class action, which would preserve their legal rights if that application is granted.”

Mr Muhamat said the firm has provided the group members with information about how individual settlements will be determined and told them they do not have to decide immediately.

Mr Muhamat, who is undecided about accepting the compensation, hoped to get enough to help him get proper medical treatment and build his future.

“There is nothing on the planet that they can make you forget what you have seen and what you have experienced during the last four years.”

Despite the federal government saying none of the 839 men on Manus will be settled in Australia, Mr Muhamat does not believe they will be abandoned when the centre closes in October.

Russia issues warning after US shoots down Syrian jet

Russia and the United States are at loggerheads after the US shot down a Syrian warplane on the weekend.

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The US claims the jet had dropped bombs near US-backed forces, but Syria says the plane was shot down while flying a mission against Islamic State militants.

Russia’s foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, says the US needs to respect Syria’s territorial integrity.

“We call on the US and all the others who have forces or advisers on the ground to ensure our work is coordinated. The zones of de-escalation are one of possible options for joint progress. We call on everybody to avoid unilateral actions, to respect – I stress once again – Syria’s sovereignty and to join our work which is coordinated with the Syrian government.”

The US says it’s working on restoring what they call a “de-confliction” communications line with Russia.

They’re trying to avoid an accidental clash over Syria, a task which will now require some delicate political manoeuvring.

Russia has, for the time being, suspended its “de-confliction” agreement with the US, and has even said that in the future, it will regard any US plane found west of the Euphrates river as potential targets.

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Joseph Dunford, says it’s a delicate situation.

“An incident occurred. We have to work through the incident. We have a channel to be able to do that and I think it’s going to require some diplomatic and military engagement in the next few hours to restore the de-confliction that we’ve had in place and again the de-confliction that we’ve had in place is in our mutual interest because it allows us to address what at least pro-regime forces have indicated is our common enemy, ISIS (Islamic State).”

General Dunford has, however, defended the decision to shoot down the plane.

“We made every effort to warn those individuals not to come any closer and then the commander made a judgment that there was a threat to the forces that we were supporting and took action. The only actions that we have taken against pro-regime forces in Syria – and there have been two specific incidents – have been in self-defence, and we’ve communicated that clearly.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin and US President Donald Trump are scheduled to meet in Germany early next month.

Military expert Pavel Felgenhauer has told Al Jazeera it will be their chance to patch things up.

“There’s not that much real change on the ground. Yes, they say they’re going to use the de-escalation channel, but then again soon at the beginning of July President Putin and President Trump will meet in Hamburg. And that’s where they can bury the hatchet and resume again this de-escalation, because really no-one wants to fight.”

Iran is now involved too.

It’s fired surface-to-surface missiles at IS positions in eastern Syria, in retaliation to an attack in the Iranian capital, Tehran, earlier this month, for which IS claimed responsibility.

Iran’s decision to get involved for the first time highlights just how complex the situation in Syria has become.

 

Mitchell says Hawks on right track in AFL

Tom Mitchell knows he will struggle to convince people outside Hawthorn that he is fortunate with his AFL lot.

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While the star onballer is enjoying a great first season at his new club, the Hawks have fallen off the cliff.

Hawthorn are second-last, they have lost their last two games and their first assignment coming out of the bye is the ladder-leading Crows on Thursday night at Adelaide Oval.

Mitchell is surely leading their best and fairest voting – a rare highlight in a brutal season for the power club of the past decade.

This year was always going to be a step into the unknown for the Hawks, given stars Sam Mitchell and Jordan Lewis had left.

They brought in Tom Mitchell and Jaeger O’Meara to bolster their midfield, but O’Meara has struggled again with knee problems.

Veteran defender Josh Gibson is definitely in his last season, spiritual leader Luke Hodge is probably the same and Shaun Burgoyne has another year left in him at best.

The only key off-field figure still at the club from a year ago is legendary coach Alastair Clarkson – the president, chief executive and football manager have all changed.

And given how their draft picks stand, the Hawks will need to manufacture something impressive to bolster their recruiting prospects later this year.

But Mitchell has no doubts the Hawks will find a way.

“I’m definitely enjoying it – it’s a great club to be a part of and a great culture,” the former Sydney player said.

“I’m very fortunate to be in the position that I’m in … I can understand why there would be some conjecture about that, just with the results.

“But I’m sure that with Clarko leading the way, and guys like Hodgey and Roughy (captain Jarryd Roughead) and the great leaders we have, that we’re on the right track.”

Mitchell is similarly upbeat about taking on the Crows, despite the difficulty of Thursday’s assignment.

In round 11, the Hawks took an inexperienced side to Adelaide Oval and Port Adelaide easily beat them by 51 points.

“What better way to (start) the second half of the year, against the team that’s on top of the ladder … and see how we go,” he said.